In the afternoon of February 1, 2008, at the steps of Harambee House, former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (RIP) announced, ‘’We have deal’’. This came after days of long-winded negotiations between the then President Mwai Kibaki’s PNU and Raila Odinga’s ODM, which followed weeks of bloodbath and untold human sufferings brought by the post-election violence triggered by the 2007 disputed general election.
Mr. Annan had led the African Union’s Panel of Eminent African Personalities that also included the late former Tanzania President Benjamin Mkapa and former South African First Lady Graca Machel at the famous Serena talks that culminated into the power-sharing deal. It was the first political handshake in Kenya.
The announcement came as a reprieve not only to the ordinary Kenyan who had endured the horrors of neighbours turning against neighbours, but also to the country’s economy which had been badly battered during the violence.
The talks gave birth to the National Dialogue and Reconciliation Agreement (National Accord), signed in Nairobi on February 28, 2008.
The National Accord
The national accord had four main agendas namely:
Agenda One called for immediate action to stop violence and restore fundamental rights and liberties;
Agenda Two required immediate measures to address the humanitarian crisis, promote reconciliation, healing, and restoration;
Agenda Three was on how to overcome then political crisis;
Agenda Four which was looking at long-term measures and solutions such as constitutional, and legal reforms, land reform, poverty and inequity, unemployment particularly among the youth, consolidating national cohesion and unity and transparency, accountability, and addressing impunity.
Twelve years after the violence broke out, Agenda Four item remains a major talking point. Agenda for resulted in the establishment of Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC), Waki Commission, Ndung’u land Commission, and Krigler Commission, each of which had to address specific issues that led to the post-election violence, and future mitigation measures. Reports with various recommendations are now gathering shelves in the dark archives of government offices, while Kenyans are currently being cheated with BBI political hoax.
Agenda 4 was for the obvious reason that Kenya’s electoral problems were symptoms of the deeply engrained historical disparities. It was meant to promote inclusivity, non-discrimination and all those things that people are unhappy about.
Which agenda was BBI? Which commission established under agenda 4 recommended the formation of BB?